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|This page last updated 15 April 2007||
Anglicans Online last updated 15 July 2018
The Bishop of New Jersey writes about the presentment
'The undersigned would rouse his brethren, all, to the alarming inroad, which is now attempted on the peace, the freedom and the order of the Church. The first stride of the three Bishops ... is longer than the Papacy achieved, in centuries. The spirit of Popery is not confined within the Vatican. There are potential Popes, upon whom no shadow from the seven hills has ever fallen. The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States has nothing to fear from the the thin shade of Leo or of Hildebrand, that lingers yet and trembles along the Tiber. Our Popery is here. The Papacy of prejudice is that from which we have to fear.
'The freedom, peace, and order of the church are threatened now, through a triumvirate of tyrants. And the undersigned could never rest upon his pillow, nor go in hope to his grave, nor look for mercy at that day, did he not call upon his brethren in the Episcopate, as they shall stand with him before the Judge ...
When the first presentment occurred in 1851, Dr. Doane had been Bishop of New Jersey for almost 20 years, developing the diocese (which was then the entire state) as one of the premier High-Church dioceses in the US, growing in parishes, giving, numbers of clergy, numbers of communicants, and the like.
Bishop Doane had been a nuisance to low-church people for years, but they had never been able to stop him. In 1851, several discontented laymen and a few unhappy priests were able to ally themselves with three low-church, evangelical bishops outside New Jersey to bring a series of presentments of Doane. Through a series of comical legal blunders, there was really only one trial, despite the fact that there had been three presentments. Ultimately, the presentment was dismissed.
The Doane presentment in the Diocese of New Jersey had a significant effect on ECUSA Canon Law. Since Canon Law is detailed, we must delve into details. If you do not care about these details, you can skip directly to a brief biography of Bishop Doane at the end of this page.
White and Dykman have this to say about the Doane case (Annotated Constitution and Canons, Protestant Episcopal Church, Volume 11, 1954, pp. 328-330):
The canon (Canon 3, enacted in 1844) under which Bishop Doane was presented was repealed by General Convention in 1856.
Biography of Bishop Doane
Doane, George Washington, born 27 May 1799, Trenton, New Jersey, only son of Jonathan Doane and Mary Higgins. Educated private school Geneva, New York, A.B. Union College (Schenectady, New York) 1818, summa cum laude, valedictorian, Phi Beta Kappa.
Spent one year being tutored in law before proceeding to become a candidate for Holy Orders in the Diocese of New York under Bishop John Henry Hobart. B.D., General Theological Seminary, 1822 (first graduating class). Deacon, 1821, priest, 1822, both by Bp Hobart.
Assistant minister, Trinity Church, New York 1822-1824; founding faculty member (rhetoric and belles lettres), Trinity College, Connecticut and non-stipendiary priest, Diocese of Connecticut, 1824-1828. Elected assistant rector, Trinity Church, Boston, Massachusetts, 1828-1830, rector, 1830-1832. Whilst rector, elected Bishop of New Jersey. Consecrated in 1832, and for the duration of his episcopate served in addition as Rector of St Mary's, Burlington, New Jersey. Honorary doctorates, Trinity College [Connecticut], Columbia University, 1831; LL.D., St John's, 1841.
Doane was the first American invited to preach in a Church of England pulpit since the Revolution (dedication of new Leeds Parish Church, 1841). He was a close friend of John Keble and Edward Pusey, bringing out the first American edition of Keble's 'Christian Year'. Spent much time with William Wordsworth when he was in England. Champion of the Oxford Movement in America, when that movement's first appearance provoked suspicion and scepticism. Author of several well-known hymns, amongst them, 'Thou Art the Way, to Thee Alone' and 'Fling Out the Banner, Let it Float'. Prolific author, with more than 100 miscellaneous works to his credit. In association with Richard Upjohn, he built the first cruciform church in the States (St Mary's, Burlington).
Married 1829 Eliza Greene Callahan Perkins. Two sons, both of whom entered Holy Orders: 1) George Hobart Doane, who in 1853, as an Episcopal deacon, converted to Roman Catholicism, eventually becoming vicar general of Newark (NJ), and an apostolic prothonotary; and 2) William Croswell Doane, who became the first Bishop of Albany (NY).
Bishop Doane died of an 'infectious fever' (probably pneumonia) on 27 April 1859, in Burlington, New Jersey, aged 59. He is buried in St Mary's churchyard.
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